The UAE is the first country in the Middle East to implement such a wide-ranging cyber crime law. The new law has been introduced in response to increasing levels of cyber crime in the UAE, brought about by rapidly evolving technology and the growth of transactions conducted via the internet. The new law, which is built on the previous 2006 law, is far more comprehensive in its nature and scope.
It criminalizes the use of the internet or any information technology tool to commit a wide range of offenses, punishable by a fine and/or imprisonment. The key offenses include:
- breach of privacy;
- disclosure of confidential information;
- intentionally capturing, or intercepting, communications through a communication network without permission;
- publishing “illegal content”;
- hacking and phishing;
- money laundering, credit card fraud, identity theft;
- inciting criminal and terrorist acts; and
- threatening state security.
Author: Clyde & Co