Instinctively man always tries to scare others to quench his threats of deprivations; where ever he finds its interests he tries to achieve them by hook or crook. To scare others for someone ill will not always been very easy task except the victim itself express it fear, conversely direct assault always required blind valor and fearlessness on the victim. The evolution of advance technology has made it easy to harass, threat or stalk live and directly being immaterialized.
Simply the process of harassing, threatening or intimidating behavior through internet, electronic mail or other similar means of communication is called cyber stalking, in very general term stalking tenders to harassing or threatening behavior that an individual engaged in frequently towards another person.
Stalking is still managing by the traditional laws of tort through remedies of injunctions (under the code of Civil Procedure Code 1908 for temporary injunctions and Specific Relief Act for other injunctions) could not be one of the remedies a victim of stalking may have against the stalker in the cyber world where every one is online.
Prevailing impacts of cyber stalking could not be managing by the traditional laws and procedure, the civil liabilities could not discourage and culminate the criminal mentality and criminal activities successfully that why in the advanced countries where internet and the means of communication are inevitable special laws have been enacted, to getting the same step for secure the mental serenity and privacy of online community Pakistan has enacted the Prevention of Electronic Crime Ordinance 2007 where in the section 13 comprehensibly elucidate the cyberstalking which is reproduced as under;
13. Cyber stalking
- (1).Whoever with intent to coerce , intimidate, or harass any person uses computer, computer network, internet, network site ,electronic mail or any other similar means of communication to. –
- (a). communicate obscene, vulgar, profane, lewd, lascivious , or indecent language, picture or image;
(b). make any suggestion or proposal of an obscene nature;
(c). threaten any illegal or immoral act;
(d). take or distribute pictures or photographs of any person without his consent or knowledge;
(e). display or distribute information in a manner that substantially increases the risk of harm or violence to any other person, commits the offence of cyber stalking.
Provided if the victim of the cyber stalking under sub-section (1) is a minor the punishment may extend to ten years or with fine not less than one hundred thousand rupees, or with both.