It is now not significant to concentrate how the Section- 17 of Prevention of Electronic Crime Act 2007 has been introduce/ implemented in the ordinance (hereinafter referred as ordinance), it is obligatory upon jurists to trace the meaning and the essence of pragmatism and practicality of this Sectioin-17 (Cyber terrorism) as the cyber terrorism has not elucidated properly in the ordinance. The section 17 of cyber terrorism has been interacted and even intermingled and fused with other sections like Criminal access(sec.3), Criminal data access(sec.4), Data damage(sec.5), System damage(sec.6), Misuse of electronic system or electronic device( sec.9), Unauthorized access to code(sec.10),Malicious code(sec.12) and Unauthorized interception(sec.16) of the ordinance, the following the section 17 is reproduced for perusal ;
17. Cyber terrorism. -
(1). Any person, group or organization who, with terroristic intent utilizes, accesses or causes to be accessed a computer or computer network or electronic system or electronic device or by any available means, and thereby knowingly engages in or attempts to engage in a terroristic act commits the offence of cyber terrorism.
Explanation1: For the purposes of this section the expression “terroristic intent” means to act with the purpose to alarm, frighten, disrupt, harm, damage, or carry out an act of violence against any segment of the population, the Government or entity associated therewith.
Explanation2: For the purposes of this section the expression “terroristic act” includes, but is not limited to, -
- (a). altering by addition, deletion, or change or attempting to alter information that may result in the imminent injury, sickness, or death to any segment of the population;
(b). transmission or attempted transmission o a harmful program with the purpose of substantially disrupting or disabling any computer network operated by the Government or any public entity;
(c). aiding the commission of or attempting to aid the commission of an act of violence against the sovereignty of Pakistan, whether or not the commission of such act of violence is actually completed; or
(d). stealing or copying, or attempting to steal or copy, or secure classified information or data necessary to manufacture any form of chemical, biological or nuclear weapon, or any other weapon of mass destruction.
(2). Whoever commits the offence of cyber terrorism and causes death of any person shall be punishable with death or imprisonment for life, and with line and in any other case he shall be punishable with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to ten years, or with fine not less than ten million rupees, or with both.